Aurangabad one of the important districts of South Bihar, is bounded on the north by Arwal district, on the south by Palamu district of Jharkhand State, on the East by Gaya district and on the west by river Sone beyond which lies Rohtas district. The people of this district mainly speak Magahi and have largely taken up agriculture and other related activities as their occupation. The Grand Trunk Road passes through the district and provides easy transport facility to Kolkata in the east and Delhi in the west. The district headquarters is at Aurangabad, about 170 kms from Patna, the state capital.
District Magistrate is posted in the district who is the top most official of Revenue and civil administration. He often belongs to I.A.S. cadre. District Magistrate conducts development and welfare works in the district. ADM and other officers are posted in order to help D.M. In the administration. The district has been divided into two subdivisions namely Aurangabad and Daudnagar which are headed by sub-divisional officers either from I.A.S. or B.P.S.C. cadre. S.D.Os. are under direct authority of D.M. Subdivisions are divided in 11 development blocks where B.D.Os. are posted who undertake development and welfare projects. Aurangabad district has 1884 villages.
Superintendent of Police
The Superintendent of Police, Aurangabad is the head of the district police administration. The Deputy Superintendent of Police are posted to assist the police superintendent who are either from the Indian Police Service or the Bihar Police Service. In each subdivision of the district, the Deputy Superintendent of Police are posted who keep control on police administration.
Judicial Administration: The Judges and Munshif magistrates are posted at district and sub-division who administer and deliver justice of different kinds. The district judiciary is part of Indian judicial system as envisaged in Indian Constitution and independent of district administration.